Do You Think Pakistan Has an Effective Education System?
How do you rate the educational system of Pakistan? Do you prefer government schools or private ones? Do you think Islamiyat is taught as a core subject until the lower secondary level? Do you think TVET is being provided in various forms? And do you think political pressures have a negative impact on the education system? Let’s discuss these questions in this article. Hopefully, you’ll agree with me that Pakistan’s educational system needs improvement.
Private schools are better than government schools
As the government fails to deliver on its education promises, many parents are switching to private schools to educate their children. According to a survey by Alif ailan, 69% of parents said that they would rather send their children to a private school than to a government school. This is because private schools offer better facilities, better learning outcomes, and better teachers. As a result, the number of private schools has increased by four percentage points since 2003 and is expected to reach 42% by the year 2019.
The primary focus of the studies was academic performance and the overall level of achievement for students. In addition, they looked at students’ attitudes, motivation, social adjustment, and risky behavior associated with private schooling. Despite these differences, however, the studies did not show conclusive evidence that private schools are better than government schools. Thus, parents should carefully consider the various factors before making the decision. Let’s take a closer look at what makes private schools better than government schools.
Public and private schools in Pakistan offer different levels of education and facilities. While government schools are cheaper, private institutes are generally better at improving infrastructure. They also have a better teacher-to-student ratio, clean facilities, and a more positive atmosphere. Furthermore, private institutes offer better educational opportunities such as extracurricular activities and personality development. These benefits may not be offered at government schools, but they’re still better than none at all.
While government schools have many advantages, private schools have more autonomy. Private schools have fewer government regulations and a sense of community. Therefore, private schools have greater freedom when it comes to teaching methods and curriculum. Their teachers may specialize in specific niches and may have more creative methods of teaching. They may also be more involved in student life. They may also offer more extracurricular activities. The best way to choose between the two options is to find the one that best fits your child.
Islamiyat is a core subject up through lower-secondary school
Up to grade X, Islamiyat is required for all Muslim students in Pakistan. The curriculum has also undergone a change since the previous policy. Now, the Ministry of Education has mandated that Islamiyat be taught as a separate subject from General Knowledge. It has also included Religious Education for non-Muslim students. This new policy also requires teachers to be wellqualified in the field of Islam.
The new policy aims to promote religious tolerance, communal harmony, and respect for minorities. It is not permissible to discriminate against minorities, and Islamic teachings state that every human being must have equal rights. Nonetheless, it is important to note that the new curriculum will not exclude Islamiyat, and will seek to align it with the entire educational structure.
Nevertheless, the country’s educational policy for Islamiyat is based on the objectives of making students understand and know their faith. Islamiyat subjects are compulsory in primary and lower secondary schools. According to the 1973 constitution, education should be designed to equip Muslims with the knowledge and values they need to live as Muslims. The government has made this a priority, as it promotes a culture of tolerance.
The curriculum also includes several compulsory subjects and str**eams. Among these are English, mathematics, and the humanities. The curriculum also includes Islamiyat, which is regarded as ethics for non-Muslim students. The curriculum is generally composed of a mix of core subjects, which include Urdu, English, and Pakistan studies. There are also compulsory and elective courses.
TVET is provided in various forms
Despite its natural resources and geographic location, Pakistan is not well-known for its vocational education. However, there are many reasons to increase the importance of TVET in Pakistan. The country’s youth constitute a large proportion of the workforce. This lack of skilled workers has hampered the country’s ability to take advantage of its natural resources. With this in mind, the government has adopted a national skill development strategy called NSS. This scheme aims to improve the quality of TVET programs and align them with the demands of the labour market.
As part of the programme, the German government has also committed to improve TVET systems in Pakistan. It has surpassed the contributions of the World Bank and European Union combined. Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has supported TVET systems in more than 70 countries. In addition, five regional cooperation projects with the ASEAN and Southeast Asia Ministers of Education Organization have been implemented as part of the programme.
In addition to boosting TVET, the government has introduced other initiatives to support the sector. One such initiative is the establishment of employer-led Sector Skills Councils and Institute Management Committees. These initiatives have strengthened the government’s engagement with the private sector. As a result, the private sector has come on board with TVET policy. These initiatives have also facilitated a number of major events, aimed at increasing the sector’s visibility and attracting key players.
Several bodies offer courses in different subjects. Private organizations also provide TVETbased programs. In Pakistan, TVET programs are available in a variety of forms. The government’s TVET policy outlines the scope of such programs and what they entail. In many cases, televisionET programs will include practical training and internships in industry. Further, the program may also include formal classroom-based training. Further, the initiative aims to improve the certification standards and recognize prior learning, enabling students to become better-equipped for work.
Discriminatory norms and practices have long been a factor in Pakistan’s governance, and these restrictions have often been legitimized through law. However, the plight of Pakistan’s religious minorities continues to be a major concern. The government continues to exclude minority religious groups from the upper echelons of the economy and government, and they routinely face persecution. In addition, Pakistan has deep-seated ethnic cleavages, and many of these communities face extreme economic marginalization.
The PTI government has sought to harness the expertise of experts and academics, but has also been faced with a number of setbacks. The military has significant de facto control of the country’s education system, and majority of elected officials have come from business or landowner backgrounds. The military-controlled government has also allegedly interfered in the development of political parties and electoral competition. These pressures have made it difficult for reform initiatives to move forward.
While many of the participants at the conference agreed that political pressures are a big part of the problem, the Musharraf government must have a vision for reform and the political will to implement these changes. While reforms are necessary, it is essential to have a political will and a commitment to genuine reforms to truly improve the quality of education in Pakistan. The Pakistani education system needs constant pressure from its people.
While the ECC has broad powers to make decisions and to oversee economic policy in Pakistan, it has little parliamentary oversight. In addition, the country’s government increasingly relys on Islam as its only legitimate ideology. Consequently, any social movements that express dissent and opposition are usually met with repression. The state uses digital tools to monitor opponents, while repressing any opposition. These efforts have also contributed to the deterioration of Pakistan’s education system.
Lack of technical and vocational education
The country’s TVET system faces multiple challenges and can only accommodate half a million trainees annually. It is outdated and inadequate, which has a negative impact on the lives of youth seeking meaningful employment and employers seeking competent employees. It is time for the government to prioritize the TVET system and increase its funding. Investing in TVET will create more jobs and lift Pakistan’s status in the world. But how can the government do this?
The PTI government promised to create 10 million jobs in its election manifesto. In implementing this promise, Pakistan should learn from other developed countries. For instance, Japan and Germany transformed their economies after World War II. As a result, they grew into world-class economies and became giants in the field of technology. But in the meantime, there was no coordinated action to address the needs of the industry. This lack of technical and vocational education in Pakistan is a serious problem, which must be tackled quickly.
While Pakistan has a large human and natural resources base, it is woefully short of skilled workers. The country’s labor force is 60 percent young and unskilled, and the demand for skilled workers is high. Moreover, many employers are unwilling to hire people with less education or skills because of the lack of specialized personnel. Furthermore, TVET programs can help train a workforce for a new profession.
To address the shortage of skilled workers, the government should implement a national “Skills for All” strategy, which would ensure equal access to education for all citizens. The curriculum should be updated to reflect the demands of the labour market and fast-developing technologies. Furthermore, Pakistan should create a new school vocational training program to impart practical skills at the high school level. These steps would help revamp the entire vocational training system, as well as combat poverty and unemployment.