How to Build a Computer – The Basics
Hopefully, by the time you finish reading this article, you will have a good understanding of how to build a computer. After all, the computer is just one part of a larger puzzle. There are some key steps you need to follow, like choosing a case, installing a video card, and choosing a CPU. You may also have some questions about what components to purchase or which parts are best for your needs. Listed below are the most common parts you need to purchase or install on your PC.
Installing a video card
There are several steps to installing a video card when building a computer. You will need to take a few steps in order to make sure that you have inserted it in the right location. The first step is to remove any power connectors. Next, unscrew the screws on the GPU and remove the retaining clip from the PCIe socket. Gently lift and pull the graphics card out of the expansion slot. Make sure that there is no resistance to inserting the card, and that the cable is not blocking the GPU fan.
A video card installs in a video card expansion slot on the motherboard. Most video cards are in PCIe format, but you may also find older ones, like AGP and PCI. Fortunately, desktop motherboards are designed with compatibility in mind. Video cards fit outside the case back, and have available ports. For best results, make sure to use the latest PCIe-compliant video card.
The power supply is the next step, and you may also need to replace the PSU. Make sure that the power source is turned off before starting this step. After you have done this, you can start installing the new graphics card. Remember to use brackets to secure the card. You may need to connect the new graphics card to the power supply as well. You can also refer to the manufacturer’s manual for additional installation tips.
Choosing a case
When building a computer, choosing a case is crucial. Many of the cases available come with different front panel features, including USB ports. You can choose between USB 2.0 and 3.1 Type-C ports for your peripherals. If you’re planning to use a lot of external storage, it’s a good idea to get a case with several front panel ports. Also, consider the style of your motherboard. If you’re looking for a sleek, compact design, you may prefer a case with many USB ports.
While the case is the most obvious component of your new computer, it’s important to remember that it’s just one piece of the puzzle. Your motherboard will have to fit into the case for it to work properly. To find out which motherboards are compatible with your case, look at the spec sheet of your motherboard. Most cases will have this information listed somewhere on their spec sheet. It’s also important to consider the shape and size of the rest of the components, including the graphics card.
Lastly, a case is important for your power supply. You’ll need good airflow for it to function properly. Some cases will already have a power supply. Make sure you check the connectors and wattage before you buy a case. Choosing a case that comes with a power supply can help protect your computer from overheating. Just make sure you don’t buy a case with poor-quality power supplies.
Installing a CPU
Before you start installing the CPU in your computer, you should first remove the motherboard. You can open the motherboard with a lever or lift the cover panel. If your CPU comes in a box, the contact array is covered with plastic. You can remove it by carefully lifting the plastic. Next, insert the CPU into the socket. Be careful not to bend any pins on the motherboard and you should be fine.
After removing the motherboard, install the CPU. This is a toolless process and is much easier if the CPU is installed outside the PC case. Additionally, it gives you more workspace. Putting the CPU inside the PC case will inevitably result in a tighter workspace. If you’re adding a new CPU to an old build, you will need to remove the motherboard and install it separately.
Next, remove the old chip. You may need to remove the cooler on your CPU. The four screws in the corner will block the access to the chip, but don’t worry; you can pull it off by force. When you’ve lifted the cooler, you should be able to see the CPU. It will have two guiding notches along the edge to help you place the CPU into the socket properly.
Installing a hard drive
One of the most challenging steps in building a computer is installing a hard drive. Hard drives are often oversized, so this can make the installation process a bit complicated. However, if you’re a handyman, installing a hard drive can be as simple as unscrewing four screws. The screws that secure the hard drive are provided with the hard drive, so you don’t need to worry about running into any problems.
Before installing a hard drive, you’ll need to make sure that your power supply has open SATA slots on the motherboard. You’ll also need to install the new hard drive in the same slot as the old one. Check the specifications of the motherboard by performing a quick Google search. Once you have all of the information you need, you can install the new hard drive. To make sure that you’re installing the new hard drive correctly, you should clean your computer thoroughly before you begin.
Before you begin, make sure that you know what kind of drive you’re installing. The HDDs you’re installing should face the case. If you’re using an SSD, you’ll need to connect it to the motherboard and power supply. Then, you can connect the SSD to the first SATA channel, which may be labeled SATA0. If you’re using an older power supply, you’ll need a Molex-to-SATA adapter to connect the hard drive to the motherboard.
In most cases, installing RAM is relatively easy. Before you start, open the latches on the memory slots on your motherboard. Some boards have latched on both sides while others only have one. Install the RAM into the slots by aligning the RAM stick’s small divot with the corresponding bump on the board. Then, close the clasps. You should hear a satisfying click as the RAM sticks are installed.
The RAM installation process can go wrong for a variety of reasons. First, you might install the wrong amount of RAM. Then, you might install the wrong type of RAM or you might choose the wrong generation. You might also purchase RAM that is larger than the slots available on your motherboard. Make sure that you check for compatibility. If you are unsure of your RAM size or type, take it to a professional computer repair shop. Regardless, RAM modules should not be too expensive to install.
RAM comes in different types and speeds. The compatibility of RAM with your motherboard depends on the type of motherboard you have. Some motherboards support two RAM sticks, others up to six. You should pay close attention to the number of open slots. If you do not find any, it is not worth buying more RAM than your computer’s motherboard allows. Fortunately, there are a number of RAM scanning tools that can help you determine your RAM’s capacity.
Installing a power supply
During the final stages of a computer build, you will need to install a power supply. It is usually mounted at the rear of the computer case and may be accessible from the top or bottom. It has several power connectors that will supply power to various components of the computer. When removing the power supply, make sure to unplug the cables from it. Plug everything back into the PSU.
If you have an anti-static wrist strap, wear it when working with computer parts to protect you from static electricity. You can also wear it while handling electrical components, which will prevent static discharge. You should be careful when handling any component that is powered by the power supply. If you have a history of electrical shock, wear an anti-static wrist strap to protect yourself from electrostatic discharge. Once you’ve finished installing the power supply, you can move on to the next step – installing the computer operating system. Linux is a better choice than windows.
When choosing a power supply, always be sure to take photos of each of its cables. They connect to the motherboard near the CPU socket. A 24-pin power cable connects to the motherboard’s midline on the left side. Once you’ve photographed each power cable, you can pull them out of the computer case. This will help you ensure that all power cables have been disconnected before you remove the PSU from the case.